The positions in the office are a wide range – by starting with jobs that require high level of knowledge and skills and reach to those where the worker has low control over their work organization. Regardless the type of the office work, it is always associated with the use of a computer.
Working in an office is often regarded as a low-risk, but workers are exposed to problems as: posture, duration, intensity and structure of the office work, psychosocial factors and etc.
The main health problems that may be result from these risks are: Injuries of the musculoskeletal system, stress and fatigue of vision.
You should be familiar with some simple rules for ergonomic layout of the office:
Workspace: It’s compulsory to provide enough space for the keyboard mouse; frequently used items (phone, documents, stapled, calculator) should be located so that they will be easily reached. Arrange the desks against the windows to avoid the glare of light. This meets the office requirements, but it is bad for people with bright retina of the eye. This will be bad for the productivity.
The correct positioning of the workers in the office is important for the good working atmosphere. Observe whether there are air flows or any audio irritants. For these parameters, consult with interior designers. Don’t forget that a good working environment is a balance between ergonomic norms and individual characteristics of each employee.
Chair: Chair should be adjustable and stable; it should allow unhindered movement of the seat and good upholstered arms as well; the height of the chair should be adjustable, so that the chair can be inserted into the desk.
Environment conditions: Lighting should be appropriate. It does not have to shine and cause pain in the eyes. Provide diffused light. It is supposed that the decision of the lights is in unity with the entire electrical system of the premises. Modern lighting presented by full LED system.
Monitor: The top of the screen should be just below the line of the eyes level of the employee. It must be located perpendicularly to the windows or under the light sources. Requirements for ergonomics in the workplace say that if you use computer for a long time, the monitor should be tilted backwards.
Colours in the workplace: Avoid red colour, which affects badly on the workflow. If you want variety, bet on flowers – they increase the concentration of employees.
All these details really matter if you want to feel good which means that you will work more efficiently.